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Microsoft on Monday issued a security advisory about an authentication bypass vulnerability in certain Microsoft Internet Information Services configurations.
The company said it's investigating reports of a vulnerability that could allow privilege elevation but that it isn't aware of any attacks that have attempted to exploit this vulnerability.
Microsoft's most current IIS software, IIS 7.0 in Windows Server 2008, is not affected.
The problem has to do with the way the WebDAV extension for IIS processes HTTP requests. Using a maliciously crafted HTTP request, the attacker could gain access to a directory that normally requires authentication.
Jonathan Ness, an engineer with the Microsoft Security Response Center, characterizes the risk as primarily one of information disclosure.
"[T]he most likely attack would be a malicious anonymous user requesting contents of a Web server subdirectory that uses IIS permission restricting access to only authenticated users," he explains in a blog post. "The root of the Web server would typically grant read access to the anonymous user account so this vulnerability would allow the protected subdirectories to be accessed using the permissions of the Web server root (allowing anonymous access)."
A number of factors mitigate the severity of the vulnerability:
IIS users most at risk are those running IIS 5, 5.1, or 6.0 with WebDAV enabled, using IIS permissions to restrict access to a subdirectory that's inside a directory allowing anonymous access, and who have granted file system access to the anonymous user account.
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